pond ecosystem pdf

1. What is the water temperature? This can take six to eight weeks or sometimes longer. What is the water temperature? What is the water temperature now? are common examples of ecosystem. %%EOF Ecology is the science that deals with the relationships between living organisms with their physical environment and with each other. Detailed guide on how to design, choose equipment and build an ecosystem pond! Ponds can develop naturally in a low-lying area and produce a surrounding ecosystem that is unique. Includes two example pond designs with equipment selection & explanation Compatible with ebook readers such as iPad, Kindle, Kobo etc. Each of the tools can be dragged to the pond to take measurements. of a pond work together for survival. # Type at least 3 characters to search # Hit enter to search. Advanced Water Garden / Ecosystem Pond Philosophy Ð As the water garden owner becomes more infatuated with the hobby and outdoor lifestyle, the pond owner has increased goals and expectations. The Role of Aquatic Plants Plant life that grows in and around a pond ranges from single celled algae, called phytoplankton, to large woody trees. Pay close attention to Pond Ecology A Brief Summary of a Natural Pond Ecosystem Any body of fresh water will maintain a healthy, balanced ecosystem without the addition of filters, chemicals or other equipment. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. The plants that convert oxygen for these creatures are as important as the fauna. By simply increasing the bio Þltration and adding aeration to the pond, this creates better water quality for the inhabitants such as koi, An ‘Ecosystem’ is a region with a specific and recognizable landscape form such as forest, grassland, desert, wetland or coastal area. Along with the details notes, we have shared the Functions of Ecosystem PDF in Hindi and English at the end of this post. Pond and Lake Ecosystems A pond or lake ecosystem includes biotic (living) plants, animals and micro-organisms, as well as abiotic (nonliving) physical and chemical interactions. This allows additional features like highlighting, bookmarks etc. Pond Ecosystem An ecosystem is a dynamic complex of plant, animal, and microorganism communities and the nonliving environment, interacting as a functional unit. Whether man-made or natural, ponds are very sensitive ecosystems that can easily be thrown off by harmful changes. But if you follow these basic rules the time and effort that you put in is minimal. Pond Study Fish and Insects. This can destroy the pond ecosystem. 3) Amazon Kindle - The Kindle uses it's own format for ebooks, which is called the mobi format. An ecosystem is, therefore, defined as a natural functional ecological unit comprising of living organisms (biotic community) and their non-living (abiotic or physiochemical) environment that interact to form a stable self-supporting system. h�b```�V�� ��ea����ġ"�����ɭ9��L�nI�������fN���c�g�߁�aێ�;f4�L�=��2��y��C%j:*��s^P>0�����]�`BIN6���P���C��aF͇y��07�^]�@&��X"������� D.�@� $�@$,R���1�xL��@`���{>�bI�H ?�;�-�7d2m8�4��s�� =��I ��e��00�]�Б���E�D�P�;2p]WҌ@T���nL�\�G�A�����Q�� � ��r� Structures in building a pond sets, Under you know exactly where natural structures posted on the pond how to a few small waters through diversion may use a portion of vegetation that is suited for advice and clean up to determine your intention is used by recirculating pumps. These arebasis of Pond Ecosystem Primary Consumers ZooplanktonThese are other small organisms that live in pond , these are members of the animal kingdom thaare suspended in the water column.Examples - water fleas, tadpoles. When you set up an account on your Kindle, Amazon will provide an email address where you can email books to be added to your kindle. Each of the tools can be dragged to the pond to take measurements. PDF (955.06 KB) This scavenger hunt introduces students to information and fun facts about the Pond Ecosystem. Every day we get numerous requests from people around the world looking for more information on how they can design and build their own ecosystem pond. Wildlife depends upon ponds for food, shelter, and breeding. Click Fast-forward ( ) until about 12:00 PM, and then click Pause ( ). Geese and Ducks Nature Study. endstream endobj startxref Ponds can provide much needed water for birds an 8d wildlife. Student Exploration: Pond Ecosystem (ANSWER KEY) Download Student Exploration: Pond Ecosystem Vocabulary: abiotic factor, algal bloom, biotic factor, concentration, eutrophication, mean, oxygen, parts per million, photosynthesis Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE using the Gizmo.) Also includes PDF version for viewing on a computer Every day we get numerous requests from people around the world looking for more information on how they can design and build their own ecosystem pond. The ecosystem is the structural and functional unit of ecology where the living organisms interact with each other and the surrounding environment. Plants produce their own food. Drag the Thermometer to the pond at 6:00 AM. the farm pond ecosystem. Shipping Locations: Custom liners shipped from Oregon. A pond ecosystem refers to the freshwater ecosystem where there are communities of organisms that are dependent on each other and with the prevailing water environment for their nutrients and survival. ]��5`#0�Vy,�"��I�2g�H ��;$��Y�����|$�� ����Ώ �[ FUNCTIONS OF ECOSYSTEM . We own Student exploration guide pond ecosystem answer key PDF, DjVu, txt, ePub, doc forms. A pond, lake, desert, grassland, meadow, forest etc. Pond ecosystem is a type of lentic, freshwater ecosystem with the complex interaction between its biotic and abiotic components. Pond Ecosystem Gizmo Answers Thank you for reading pond ecosystem gizmo answers.As you may know, people have look numerous times for their favorite books like this pond ecosystem gizmo answers, but end up in harmful downloads. Creating a well-balanced ecosystem reduces mainte-nance and supports healthy fish and plants while transforming your backyard into an incredible, all-natural, low-maintenance paradise. Remember that the organisms living in an ecosystem are broken down into categories: producers, consumers, and decomposers. You will have to find another way to keep your pond water clean and free of toxins. Also included are two example ponds which cover the design and equipment selection process from start to finish. A healthy, well-balanced ecosystem in a pond is the perfect environment for plants and fish to thrive. The boundaries are not fixed in any objective way, although sometimes they seem obvious, as with the shoreline of a small pond. Each of the tools can be dragged to the pond to take measurements. Physico-chemical and aquatic insects diversity of pond ecosystem www.ijlsci.in Int. These recommendations may not be suitable for ponds in other parts of the country due to differences in soil composition, Service county agents can provide localized guidance and recommendations (Appendix B­3). Interdependent!Relationships!in!Ecosystems! look at the pond from a plant or animals view and consider how each different habitat might be used by wildlife ECOSYSTEM Ecosystem is the basic functional unit with which ecology deals since it includes both the organisms and non living environment ,each influencing the properties of the other and both necessary for the maintenance of life on earth. Title: Fish pond construction and management (a field guide and extension manual) Author: FAO Created Date: 9/17/2009 2:03:21 PM the pond’s surface cause the water to pile up on the downwind side. Pond Ecosystem Pdf. The interactions between the living and non-living components of the ecosystem are important. From the smallest microbes, single cell creatures to the guppies, leeches and midges, only clean water can sustain life. Pond Ecosystem Field Study MOLS 3.Soil Data A striking feature of soil is the presence of distinct layers at various depths below ground level. All books are in clear copy here, and all files are secure so don't worry about it. ... Download Functions of Ecosystem PDF in English Download Functions of Ecosystem PDF in Hindi. h��Xmk9�+��P��]Z(��4��5�վKi�'�K��-�������Z�vR��ai��h�y4zdo-��[�D �gN@Q2%�3m��4Խ��xlW�l�0�9�&��P�LZc����. Title: Fish pond construction and management (a field guide and extension manual) Author: FAO Created Date: 9/17/2009 2:03:21 PM The Pond Ecosystem. Pond Ecosystem refers to fresh water ecosystem on which different organisms depend for their survival and to fulfill their nutritional needs as well. In a typical waste stabilization pond ecosystem, the principal abiotic components are oxygen, carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and nutrients, whereas the biotic components include bacteria, protozoa, and a variety of other organisms. Farm ponds are complex and dynamic systems. 2(2): June 2014 149 The divers in our ponds, lakes and tanks includes many divers’ insects Among them both the aquatic larvae of typically aerial adult like mayfly, stone fly, dragon fly, Ecology can be approached from the viewpoints of (1) the environment and the demands it places on the organisms in it or (2) organisms and how they adapt to their environmental conditions. The pond ecosystem begins with what lives in the water. Abundance. The largest predator in a pond ecosystem will normally be a fish and in … Farm Pond Ecosystems May 2005 Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management Leaflet Number 29 Introduction Farm ponds have traditionally been used as an eco- nomical and efficient way to retain water for livestock watering and irrigation. The main producers in pond or lake ecosystem are algae and other aquatic plants, such as Azolla, Hydrilla, Potamogeton, Pistia, Wolffia, Lemna, Eichhornia, Nymphaea, Jussiaea, etc. The Pond Ecosystem Gizmo™ lets you study ponds as an ecologist would. Sea ecosystem ecosystem Grassland ecosystem Desert ecosystem. Pond Ecosystem Vocabulary : abiotic factor, algal bloom, biotic factor, concentration, Energy flow in an ecosystem: 865 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<7C8913B9A9128343BDC6F31DC65C27C3><7DB2813935FFEE4EAA037E6A30FCF944>]/Index[843 40]/Info 842 0 R/Length 108/Prev 636556/Root 844 0 R/Size 883/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Ecosystems may be micro-ecosystem (as small as a drop of water) or macroecosystem (as large as ocean). In this activity, you'll check your knowledge regarding the interaction of living and non-living things in a pond ecosystem. Ponds are very important for wildlife of all sorts, biodiversity. Although our website contains a great deal of information, it can't compare to the organization of a good book on the topic. 2. View Sukhman Waraich - Week 9_ Pond Ecosystem.pdf from SCIENCE 10 at Crescent Heights High School. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Also See: Global Warming PPT and PDF . The freshwater pond ecosystem consists of the following: Pond bottom - there is very little oxygen or light at the bottom of the pond. Herbivores eat plants. As you look around, you see many different plants and grasses. If your sending email address is not setup as an approved email address for sending books, Amazon may not add the book to your Kindle. The Pond Ecosystem Gizmo lets you study ponds as an ecologist would. Also, this information is specific to Arkansas ponds. These layers result from the weathering process, the accumulation and breakdown of organic The components of pond ecosystem include both biotic and abiotic components. You may read online Student exploration guide pond ecosystem answer key either load. 3 year, by -Prahalad Sir, If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Ponds are important to the watershed connection. What is the water temperature now? 3. °C . Drag the Thermometer to the pond … 1. Ecosystems: Definition, concept, structure and functions. Coming in at around 100 pages of new content, the result is what we believe to be the most concise how-to pond guide available today. An ecosystem pond needs plants so we build plant shelves into the pond. The freshwater pond ecosystem. We will be pleased if you get back us anew. The quality of the water can determine the type of aquatic animals found and the health of the ecosystem. Drag the Thermometer to the pond at 6:00 AM. Amazon will automatically add the book to your Kindle. Rather than reading a good book with a cup of coffee in the afternoon, instead they cope with some infectious virus inside their laptop. Topics include pond design, overview of pond equipment and supplies, head pressure, pond plumbing and pond construction. Aquatic ecosystem: The aquatic ecosystem is an ecosystem which is related to water, abiotic components in the pond ecosystem are some organic and inorganic compounds discovered in it and water. Pond ecosystems are very important habitats for so many different types of fish, birds, plants and crustaceans as well as insects such as dragonflies, damsel flies and pond skaters. How do fish get theirs? We have seen that ponds are very susceptible to pollution. 2. 4) Other ebook Reader like Kobo, Sony Reader, Google etc - Most of these ebook readers will take an EPUB ebook. Download Student Exploration: Pond Ecosystem book pdf free download link or read online here in PDF. 1. More recently, farm ponds are being recognized for a variety of other functions in ag-ricultural landscapes. 0 °C . This means the plants can be planted directly into the pond giving a much more natural look and the root system will grow out According to Wikipedia (2006), a pond ecosystem is a specific type of fresh water ecosystem that is largely based on autotroph algae which provide the base trophic level for all life in the area. More recently, farm ponds are being recognized for a variety of other functions in ag-ricultural landscapes. Ecosystem ponds are all-natural and low-maintenance. Other products shipped from Oklahoma. Thanks again, and enjoy the book! Shallow shelves for marginal plants and deeper shelves for the plants that prefer more water above them. Dissolved oxygen refers to the level of free, non-compound oxygen dissolved or present in water or any other liquid. 1. Sunlight shines on a pasture, grass grows and produces oxygen, and cattle eat the grass. Ecosystem ponds rely on a number of different factors to maintain a healthy ecological balance: After purchasing the ebook in our store, you will be presented with a download link to download the ebook to your computer. 3. Each of the tools can be dragged to the pond to take measurements. _____ °C 2. Although our online store currently only allows sales within the USA and Canada, you can also purchase the ebook on Amazon here! Science Project Ideas: Above and Below the Pond Have your students in 4th, 5th, and 6th grade illustrate the ecosystem around a pond with this science lesson plan from Crayola. Note for International Customers! We present the utter option of this book in doc, txt, DjVu, PDF, ePub forms. Carnivores eat herbivores. The typical farm pond eco-system can support an extensive array of plants, in-sects, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and birds. The Eco-Meet test may consist of multiple choice, true/false, fill in the blank, matching, identification, label a diagram, or short answer. An ecosystem may be natural or artificial, land-based or water-based. Gizmo Warm-up The Pond Ecosystem Gizmo™ lets you study ponds as an ecologist would. The water moves downward, across the pond bottom, to the upwind side. Pond Ecosystem: Identification Exercise. This is usually "yourusername@kindle.com", where "yourusername" is the your Kindle username. Water is essential to the pond ecosystem. Pond ecosystems are very abundant. Although our website contains a great deal of information, it can't compare to the organization of a good book on the topic. aquatic ecosystems. For example, in a pond, phytoplankton act as main producers who have very short life cycles and turn-over rate is high which are rapidly replaced by new plants. J. of Life Sciences, Vol. By holding … Successful shrimp farming must consider the shrimp pond holistically as an ecosystem not separated from the physicochemical, and the diverse community living in the pond The literature survey on pond environment studies shows very little investigative works in India; and there is no review publication on pond environment reports. 2. The idea of an ecosystem means that all the living things in the pond depend upon one another. All animals need oxygen.We get oxygen from the air we breathe. For further questions or comments, please send us an email at info@everything-ponds.com, or visit our website at www.everything-ponds.com. Man modified ecosystems include agricultural land and urban or industrial land use patterns. Keep in mind, they make take up to an hour in certain situations for the ebook to be added to your Kindle. An ecosystem may be natural or artificial, land-based or water-based. Print the Pond Ecosystem Scavenger Hunt cards on card stock or brightly-colored paper and cut them apart along the dotted lines. DisciplinaryCoreIdeas:!! In this article, we will discuss the nitrogen cycle and why it is important to all aquatic life in a pond. Click Fast-forward ( ) until about 12:00 PM, and then click Pause ( ). Fig6: Aquatic Ecosystem. Turtles and Duckweed Nature Study . Pond Ecology A Brief Summary of a Natural Pond Ecosystem Any body of fresh water will maintain a healthy, balanced ecosystem without the addition of filters, chemicals or other equipment. Some items may incur a slight delay due to distancing measures. Usually, ponds are shallow (hardly 12 – 15 feet) water bodies in which sunlight can reach to its bottom, permitting the growth of the plants that grow there. For your convenience, we include the ebook in 3 separate formats depending on what kind of devise you will be using to read the book: 1) Viewing on a Computer - The best format for computer viewing is the PDF format. The vegetation on a mountain Rather than reading a good book with a cup of coffee in the afternoon, instead they cope with some infectious virus inside their laptop. Covid-19: We are still working and shipping! They work with Nature, not against it. h�bbd```b``n���`�D���LD���L�\��I[�. In order to have great success with your new pond, it helps to understand the critical role each component plays in the ecosystem. is very common in the UK. If you are looking for the ebook Student exploration guide pond ecosystem answer key in pdf format, then you have come on to the right website. 2. The green plants convert the radiant energy into chemical energy through photosynthesis. Pond Ecosystem. The Pond Ecosystem Gizmo lets you study ponds as an ecologist would. Each ecosystem has a set of common features that can be observed in the field: When the correct pieces of the ecosystem are in place, the pond provides a balanced environment where fish, plants and natural bacterias can thrive and benefit each other. °C . The major zones in river ecosystems are determined by the river bed's gradient or by the velocity of the current. 882 0 obj <>stream Functions of an Ecosystem: Food Chain, Food Web & Food Pyramids. They capture rainwater as it flows over the ground, reducing erosion and flooding. _____ °C 3. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Follow the instructions with your particular device and use the "How to Build an Ecosystem Pond - EPUB.epub" file when adding the book. Click Fast-forward ( ) until about 12:00 PM, and then click Pause ( ). You will need a pdf reader on your computer to open the file. Creating and maintaining this ecosystem is easy once you have a good understanding of the basics. Pond Ecosystem www.makemegenius.com Free Science Videos for Kids Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Studies on pond ecosystems are, however, often neglected, probably, due to their little size. Pond FOOD RELATIONSHIPS IN ECOSYSTEMS In an ecosystem, each type of living thing needs different food. Ponds that dry up completely each year are often known as vernal pools. The entire pond begins to circulate from top to bottom, maintaining a uniform temperature. These are either floating or suspended or rooted at the bottom. Pond Ecosystem Gizmo Answers Thank you for reading pond ecosystem gizmo answers.As you may know, people have look numerous times for their favorite books like this pond ecosystem gizmo answers, but end up in harmful downloads. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. All elements of the pool will co-exist in delicate harmony, the water being clean and healthy, not necessarily ‘gin’ clear. Artificial systems may include a cropland, a garden, a park or an aquarium. For this to work, make sure you have the iBooks app installed on your iPad, which you can download from the Apple app store for free. Most computers already have a pdf reader installed, but if by chance you don't have one, Adobe has a free pdf reader that you can download here: 2) Viewing on an iPad - For an iPad, although it is possible to use the PDF version mentioned above, the best way is to use the EPUB format. ThePondEcosystem $ $ 3$! Pond and lake ecosystems are a prime example of lentic ecosystems. If you have problems, make sure you visit your Amazon Kindle account to make sure your email address is an approved email for sending ebooks to your Kindle. Read online Student Exploration: Pond Ecosystem book pdf free download link book now. Through proper planning and the selection of appropriate filtration equipment, this is actually easier to accomplish than you might imagine. Unless you are lucky enough to be blessed with a natural stream or source of water on your property, you won’t have the luxury of a naturally renewing water source. Pond ecosystems can be found on every continent on the planet. Skip to the beginning of the images gallery, All Formats (all formats listed above included), 4.1 Example 1 - Small Pond with Waterfall, 4.2 Example 2 - Medium Pond with Waterfall, Proper mechanical filtration to remove debris from the pond before it can decay, Proper biological filtration to convert harmful ammonia into harmless nitrates, Effective use of plants to naturally filter the water of nutrients that would otherwise be used to promote algae, Waterfalls and streams to help aerate the water, Natural water additives to promote healthy water conditions, Rocks and gravel in the pond to promote natural biological filtration. That's when we decided to literally write our own ebook! Lotic. Drag the Thermometer to the pond at 6:00 AM. The ponds are the water bodies which are usually of 12-15 feet deep in which the sun rays can reach which results into growing of plants down there. That makes them very important for the life of organisms all over the world. The basic goal behind an ecosystem pond is to take an otherwise closed body of water and turn it into its own thriving mini “ecosystem.” In nature, streams and rivers and the resulting pools of water along the way are constantly renewed with fresh, clean water, allowing them to support life while flushing toxins away down the stream. Lentic refers to stationary or relatively still water, from the Latin lentus, which means sluggish. Many of these changes are brought on by human actions such as the creation of a dam, habitat reduction, pollution, and the introduction of non-native plants and animals. All elements of the pool will co-exist in delicate harmony, the water being clean and healthy, not necessarily ‘gin’ clear. Here is a list of each element of this amazing ecosystem: endstream endobj 844 0 obj <>/Metadata 76 0 R/Outlines 96 0 R/Pages 839 0 R/StructTreeRoot 105 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 845 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 846 0 obj <>stream Pond Ecosystem. The ecosystem in a new pond takes time to balance itself. In other words, an ecosystem is a chain of interaction between organisms and their environment. %PDF-1.6 %���� To get the ebook onto your iPad, first open up iTunes on your computer and drag the "How to Build an Ecosystem Pond - EPUB" file into iTunes. Pond ecosystem services are also important for sustaining rural production and livelihoods. Farm Pond Ecosystems February 2006 Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management Leaflet Number 29 Introduction Farm ponds have traditionally been used as an eco- nomical and efficient way to retain water for livestock watering and irrigation. The nature of the ecosystem is based on its geo- ... A pond has differ-ent types of vegetation from the periphery to its center. 843 0 obj <> endobj Pond ecosystem video lecture of Zoology for B. Sc. If you now sync your iPad to your computer, the ebook should automatically appear in the iBooks app on your iPad. The ecosystem is said to be the structural and functional unit of Biosphere. Some ponds are produced by animal activity, including alligator holes and beaver ponds, and these add important diversity to landscapes. There is no doubt that little things perform many important activities in our lives. A food chain describes the relationships between pro-ducers, organisms that produce energy from inorgan-ic sources, and consumers, organisms that obtain en-ergy from feeding on organic matter. It should now be listed under the 'Books' heading in iTunes. However, these systems are not that dif ferent from traditional animal agriculture. The term “Ecosystem” was first coined by A.G.Tansley, an English botanist, in 1935. WSPs produce an inferior quality effluent compared to mechanized treatment like the activated sludge process. Ecosystems 55 3.1.1 Understanding ecosystems Natural ecosystems include the forests, grass-lands, deserts, and aquatic ecosystems such as ponds, rivers, lakes, and the sea. Although rapid urbanization has changed the structure and function of ponds, there have been few reports of the ecosystem services they provide. that make up the pond ecosystem. Anything in this study guide has the potential to be on the test. Inside the download, there are 3 separate versions of the book which should work on most computers and ebook readers available on the market, including iPad, Kindle, Kobo, Google Reader, Sony Reader, Windows computers and Mac computers. An ecosystem can be categorized into its abiotic constituents, including minerals, climate, soil, water, and sunlight, and its biotic constituents, consisting of all living members. LS2.C:!Ecosystem!Dynamics,!Functioning,!and!Resilience! The Pond Ecosystem. What is the water temperature? ponds are complex ecosystems, and the information provided here is only a guide. While covering the necessary topics in depth, the ebook is also very easy to follow for somebody new to pond-building. Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Dissolved Oxygen (DO) govern the kind of organisms present in water. In a typical waste stabilization pond ecosystem, the principal abiotic components are oxygen, carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and nutrients, whereas the biotic components include bacteria, protozoa, and a variety of other organisms. More from Us: उड़ान: A 75-Day Course to Qualify GS Paper of UPPSC Prelims. Life In A Pond Study Guide Helpful Hints: This study guide will focus on living things in an Illinois pond. A freshwater pond in Wiltshire. Artificial systems may include a cropland, a garden, a park or an aquarium. guide pond ecosystem answer key pdf , in that case you come on to the faithful website. WSPs produce an inferior quality effluent compared to mechanized treatment like the activated sludge process. It is important that we conserve them. To get the ebook onto your kindle, send an email from your regular email address to your kindle email address, with the "How to Build an Ecosystem Pond - Kindle.mobi" file as an attachment. Traditionally we've had a hard time finding a book that covers the topics we feel are important, while at the same time presenting the material in a clear and accurate way. It may be either temporary (ex: field of cultivated crops) or permanent (ex: a forest or ocean). Ecosystem, the complex of living organisms, their physical environment, and all their interrelationships in a particular unit of space. Unfortunately, this balanced ecosystem can be easily upset by doing the simplest things wrong. Also includes PDF version for viewing on a computer Every day we get numerous requests from people around the world looking for more information on how they can design and build their own ecosystem pond. They consume phytoplankton Secondary Consumers Larger invertebrates Snails, worms, leeches insects consume these smaller animals Tertiary Consumers … Let's pretend it's a hot summer day, and you're standing at the edge of a pond. The healthy pond ecosystem will have a balance of both plant and animal living with in its parameters. Ubiquity. Ponds are an insufficiently studied research object but represent a biodiversity hotspot and have a high value for ecosystem services like recreation, water retention, or angling.

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