andhra pradesh history

Andhra Pradesh Climate is generally hot and humid. Detailed Notes for ApPsc 2018-19 are provided by Andhra Pradesh PSC Notes team.ApPsc Result declared can be viewed here.ApPsc Syllabus has been analyised in deep with ApPsc Questions,Psc Ap secures Jobs In Andhra Pradesh. With the European powers eyeing territories for trade and exploitation, the Qutb Shah dynasty at the Bahmani Sultanate came to an abrupt end. Leaders such as Kandukuri Veeresalingam were pioneers in social reform. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy who was representing Indian National Congress served as a … But the unexpected demise of Vijayanagara empire led to the emergence of a more liberal Qutb Shahi dynasty at the Bahmani Sultanate that ruled most of the current state of Andhra Pradesh. The Dravidian style of architecture is intertwined with cultural practices of rulers from Chola, Chalukyas, Vijayanagar, Satavahanas and Gajapati empires. km. It will be immensely helpful for candidates preparing for APPSC Group -1, Group -2 Screening Test and Mains Exam and Group -3, Panchayat Secretary, VRO, ASO exams. Rama Rao ruling the state with Congress in the opposition during the 1980s. The great Mauryan emperor Ashoka (reigned c. 265–238 bce) sent Buddhist missions to the Andhras in the south. 1. European traders began to involve themselves in Indian politics in the 17th century, as successive nizams (rulers) of Hyderabad, seeking to consolidate their kingdom against rivals, obtained first French and later British support. By that time, however, followers of Islam had established themselves in the north, and their invasion of the south led to the fall of Warangal in 1323. Indian nationalism arose during the 19th century, and the Andhras took a place at the forefront of the movement. A new era of power struggle erupted after the fall of Kakatiya dynasty with Turkish kingdoms in Delhi, Chalukya Cholas in the south and the Sultanate of Central India (Persio-Tajik) competing with each other to extend their influence in Telugu heartland. Andhra State was the first state in India to be formed on a mainly linguistic basis by carving it out from the Madras Presidency in 1953. ApPsc Online coaching is provided by pscnotes. Andhra Pradesh came into existence in its present form in 1956 as a result of the demand of the Andhras … The first epoch deals with pre historic period spanning the Stone Age (10,000 BCE 2000 BCE), Copper Age (2000 BCE 1000 BCE) and Iron Age (1000 BCE 500 BCE).The… Geschichte Anfänge-1500, Andhra Pradesh (India) -- History -- Chronology, India -- Andhra Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Geschichte Anfange-1500 Publisher New Delhi : Sterling Publishers Collection inlibrary; printdisabled; internetarchivebooks Digitizing sponsor Kahle/Austin Foundation Contributor Internet Archive Language English Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. However, the increasingly apparent disparities in the development of different parts of the state gave rise in the early 1980s to the Telugu Desam (“Telugu Nation”) Party (TDP), which advocated a reduced role for the national government in state affairs but not the separation of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh. Widely acclaimed not only as the greatest kingdom in Andhra history but also as one of the greatest in Indian history, Vijayanagar, under the rule of its preeminent king Krishna Deva Raya (reigned 1509–29), became synonymous with military glory, economic prosperity, good administration, and artistic splendour. Nonetheless, the TDP again took control of the government in 2014, with Naidu again becoming chief minister. However, as it became apparent that Telangana (with the exception of Hyderabad city) was consistently lagging behind the coastal areas economically and socially, a movement arose in the late 1960s to separate Telangana from the rest of Andhra Pradesh. Answer : From 1163 to 1323. History. Historically, the areas covered in the state were known as Andhraapath, Andhraadesa, Andhraavani, and Andhra.. Since the creation of Andhra state in 1953 and its transformation into Andhra Pradesh three years later, control of the state’s government has largely been in the hands of the Indian National Congress (Congress Party). Andhra Pradesh is a state located on the south-east coast of India. According to Aitareya Brahmana of the Rig Veda, the Andhras left north India from banks of River Yamuna and settled in south India. The Satavahanas have been mentioned by the names Andhra, Andhrara-jateeya and Andhrabhrtya in the Puranic literature. 2. Bowing to the wishes of the people, the Centre passed a new legislation in Parliament for the creation of Telangana with 10 districts on 18 February 2014. (Source) Andhra Pradesh’s rich history of dynasties and kingdoms influenced the architecture significantly. In 1765, Lord Robert Clive with the help of his council in Vishakapatnam got from the Mughal emperor Shah Alam a grant of the five Circars (known as Northern Circars of British India's Madras province). The Telugu-speaking Telangana region, however, remained under the nizam’s dominion of Hyderabad, and the French acquired a few towns. A number of Sanskrit epics like Aitareya Brahmana (800 BCE) refers to the Vedic roots of the Telugu speaking people of Andhra in the Indian subcontinent. The glorious past of Andhra Pradesh is a result of the many different dynasties that have ruled the region. [1] [2] [3] The Assaka Mahajanapada (700–300 BCE) was an ancient kingdom located between the Godavari and Krishna Rivers in southeastern India. According to the last census of India in 2011, the state has a population of about 49.67 million, which … King Krishnadevaraya emerged as the tallest emperor in South India by extending his control over deep South, building temples, monuments and patronising fine arts. After Independence, the Muslim Nizam of Hyderabad wanted to retain his sovereignty, but was forced to cede his kingdom to India in 1948 to form Hyderabad state which remained separately from Andhra region which was part of the then Madras Presidency. When Telangana was seperated from Andhra Pradesh? AP History PDF - Download Andhra Pradesh History Material, AP History study material for APPSC Group 2, APPSC Group 3 Panchayat Secretary and Group 1 in PDF Simultaneously, a movement was organized to unite the Telugu-speaking peoples living under British rule with those under the nizam’s administration. The history of origin of the people of Andhra dates back to the pre-Christian era. The TDP ruled Andhra Pradesh for much of the late 20th and early 21st centuries under its leaders Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (the founder of the party) and then Nara Chandrababu Naidu before the Congress Party returned to power in 2004. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Although Sanskrit writings dating to about 1000 bce contain references to a people called “Andhras” living south of the central Indian mountain ranges, definitive historical evidence of the Andhras dates from the times of the Mauryan dynasty, which ruled in the north from the late 4th to the early 2nd century bce. The Pallava kings Mahendravarman I (571 - 630 CE) and Narasimhavarman I (630 - 668 CE) had established a firm control over southern Andhra and northern parts of TN till the end of 9th Century. Related Posts. Demonstrations by pro-separatists were forcefully put down by the government in late 1969, and the movement languished for a number of years. Under the Chalukyas, Hinduism emerged as the dominant religion, and the first of the Telugu poets, Nannaya, began translating the Sanskrit epic, Mahabharata into Telugu, marking the birth of Telugu as a literary medium. Freedom struggle laid the foundation for the birth of a unified Andhra state after Independence. Musunuri Nayaks defeated Delhi Sultanate in battles thus paving way for another glorious chapter of independent rule under the Vijayanagara Empire (1336-1646) for the Andhra people. History Centuries ago, Andhra Pradesh was a major Buddhist centre and part of Emperor Ashoka's sprawling kingdom. A number of Sanskrit epics like Aitareya Brahmana (800 BCE) refers to the Vedic roots of the Telugu speaking people of Andhra in the Indian subcontinent. The major portion of the southern India (Dakshina Patha) was extended by Andhra region. [4] They are supposed to be the Aryans who migrated to the state of Andhra Pradesh far beyond from the Vindhyas. The largest city in this state is Visakhapatnam and Vijayawada. Andhra Pradesh's history dates back to the Vedic period. History of Andhra Pradesh: Although Sanskrit writings dating to about 1000 BCE contain references to a people called “ Andhras ” living south of the central Indian mountain ranges, definitive historical evidence of the Andhras dates from the times of the Mauryan dynasty, which ruled in the north from the late 4th to the early 2nd century BCE. was formed on November 1, … While the Ikshvakus ruled the eastern Andhra along the Krishna river in the second half of 2nd Century, the Pallavas (4th Century) emerged as a big force with an empire stretching from southern Andhra to northern Tamil Nadu with Kancheepuram as their capital. Remains of the Buddhist stupa at Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh, India. It is mentioned in Sanskrit epics such as Aitareya Brahmana (800 BCE ). History of Andhra Pradesh: After being ruled by many invaders for centuries, Telugu people's capital Andhra's foundation was laid in the struggle of … History of Andhra Pradesh The history of Andhra Pradesh dates back to ancient times. But in a battle, the British defeated Maharaja Vijaya Rama Gajapati Raju of Vizianagaram in 1792, thus extending full control over Andhra region. There are recorded history of them in the Aithareya Brahmana and the Mauryan period. Answer : 1 October 1953. After Musunuri Nayaks defeated the Delhi Sultanate in battles, they were driven off back to Delhi. The exit of Satavahanas led to many divisions in the vast Telugu landscape which was ruled by a number of feudal chieftains and small kings. IntroductionThe history of Andhra Pradesh can be broadly divided into two epochs. It was left to Kakatiya dynasty to unify all Telugu lands during their reign between 624 and 1323 CE ushering in a great synthesis of social, cultural, religious and literary elements of Andhra people who for the first time were governed under a single administration. During the period from 700 to 300 BCE, an ancient kingdom called Assaka Maha Janapada (great empires) was in the saddle between Godavari and Krishna rivers in south-eastern India. The Chalukya Chola dynasty (later days Cholas) ruled a vast swath of territory from the island of Lanka to Kalinga in the northeast from 1070 until the demise of their empire in the second half of the 13th century. Soon a neutral Muslim state called Bahmani Sultanate was formed in Central India by Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah after revolting against the Turkish kingdom in North India. During the 12th and 13th centuries the dynasty of the Kakatiyas of Warangal (now in Telangana) extended Andhra power militarily and culturally, and during their regime the commercial expansion of the Andhras toward Southeast Asia reached its peak. Although Sanskrit writings dating to about 1000 bce contain references to a people called “ Andhras ” living south of the central Indian mountain ranges, definitive historical evidence of the Andhras dates from the times of the Mauryan dynasty, which ruled in the north from the late 4th to the early 2nd century bce. Dream of Maha Maya presaging the Buddha's birth, marble relief from Nagarjunakonda, Andhra Pradesh state, India, Amaravati style. info)) is a state in the Republic of India. The major role in determining the climate of the state is played by South- West Monsoons. The eastern boundary is a 600 miles (970 km) coastline along the Bay of Bengal . General Ulugh Khan commanding a large army was sent by Delhi's Sultan Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq to conquer Telugu kingdom of Kakatiya in 1323. Several dynasties ruled over this part of the country. One of the 16 majestic kingdoms in 600 BCE, the Assaka was replaced by Satavahana empire (230 BCE - 220 CE) whose rulers built the ancient township of Amaravati and they reached to new heights under the rule of King Satakarni. Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India whose recorded history begins in the Vedic period. There are total 15 chapters in this material. They did not refer themselves as Andhra in any of their coins or inscriptions; it is possible that they were termed as Andhras because of their ethnic… Through the States Reorganization Act of 1956, the state of Hyderabad was split up, and its Telugu-speaking districts (constituting Telangana) were joined to the Andhra state on November 1, 1956, to form the new state of Andhra Pradesh. "Andhra State would have remained a dream had Potti Sriramulu not sacrificed his life. How long the Kakatiya dynasty existed? By the start of the 21st century, however, the demand for a Telangana separate from Andhra Pradesh had grown dramatically, spearheaded by the establishment in 2001 of the Telangana Rashtra Samithi, a political party dedicated to creating the new state. During the period from 700 to 300 BCE, an ancient kingdom called Assaka Maha Janapada (great empires) was in the saddle between Godavari and Krishna rivers in south-eastern India. It has mention in the famous Indian epics Mahabharata, Ramayana, the Jataka Tales and the Puranas. February 27, 2020 Supreme Court upholds Centre’s 2018 amendments in SC/ST. After the fall of the Satavahana Empire, the Ikshvakus of Nagarjunakonda came into power. The Andhras’ demand for separate statehood became so insistent that, when the central government refused to comply, a local leader, Potti Sreeramulu, fasted to death in 1952 to dramatize the issue. A peek into the … Later on, this very same Ulugh Khan ruled Delhi as Sultan Mohammad bin Tughluq after laying siege to Warangal. Telugu language and its literature replaced the once dominant Sanskrit (and its dialect Prakrit), thus contributing to the nurturing of Telugu pride among the people. The formation of an alliance between the various neighbouring Muslim principalities ultimately led to the fall of Vijayanagar in 1565, leaving the Muslims in control of the Andhra areas. Two-party system with a democratic governance emerged as Telugu Desam founder and CM N.T. The recorded history of Amaravati and nearby Dharanikota is from the 2nd century BC. As per Matsya Purana, seven kings ruled the dynasty for about 52 years. 3. Historically the earliest mention of the Andhras appeared in the Aitareya Brahmana (B.C.800). The recorded history of Andhra Pradesh can be traced to the Andhra Kingdom of the Iron AgeMaha-Janapada period, succeeded by the Satavahana Empire. Andhra Pradesh is also known as Andhra, the seventh-largest state of India with an area of 160,205 sq. But the rise of the kingdom of Vijayanagar, to the southwest of Warangal, arrested further expansion of the Muslim power for some time. Journey Map / Andhra Pradesh / Ikat / History Uncovering the History of Ikat Ikat is most well-known in India, Indonesia and Japan and even has traditions existing in various countries across Latin America and parts of Europe, owing to Dutch, Spanish and Portuguese colonialism in Southeast Asia … Social reformers like Tanguturi Prakasam Panthulu and Kandukuri Veeresalingam further led the agitation for a new Andhra state which was formed on 1 October, 1953 with Kurnool as its capital. They promoted a Telugu way of life by encouraging literature and fine arts for about 200 years (early 1500 to 1699). It has a population of 75,727,000 people according to the census of 2001. According to the area, it is the seventh-largest state in India and the tenth most populous state. Thus, the major part of the Andhra country came under British rule, part of what then was the Madras Presidency. In exchange for their help, the British acquired from the nizam the coastal Andhra districts lying to the north of the city of Madras (now Chennai) and later the hinterland districts. The northern, Telugu- speaking districts of Madras state, including Guntur, advocated for a separate state after independence and the new state of Andhra Pradesh was created in 1953 from the eleven northern districts of Madras. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The ruins of the university, at Nagarjunakonda, still reflect its former glory. Brief History of Prakasam District (previously Ongole District) About the name of ONGOLE There is a story about the people of the Ongole neighborhood about how the Ongole got its name. The SRC report offered special safeguards to Telangana as part of Gentleman's Agreement. Andhra Pradesh History Kings of Ikshvaku dynasty Ikshvakus ruled the Andhra region after the fall of the Satavahana dynasty. The purpose of the committees was to ensure that the views of the people of those two regions were heard and that regional interests were protected, since the areas were economically and educationally less-advanced than the coastal Andhra areas. The fiery campaign of Potti Sriramulu (1901-1952) who died fasting for an independent state for Telugu people carved out of the then Madras Presidency led to violence in many parts of Andhra. Pride in their historical and linguistic achievements led them to demand a separate province. GK Quiz Questions on Andhra Pradesh History. We have compiled complete Andhra Pradesh (AP) History material in Telugu in PDF format from the ancient period of Satavahanas to the latest bifurcation of Andhra pradesh state in 2014. Subsequently, the unified State of A.P. One book was published by the Andhra Pradesh Government in 1965, titled "Coins of Yadava's" by Dr. R Subhramaniam, which has good collection of pictures of these coins. Most of these accounts of Andhra people seem to be linked the arrival of a sage called Vishwamitra to the banks of Krishna-Godavari. The great Mauryan emperor Ashoka (reigned c. 265–238 bce) sent Buddhist missions to the Andhras … Andhra Pradesh (AP) History. Andhra state was later merged with the Telugu-speaking area of Hyderabad state to create Andhra Pradesh in 1 November, 1956 following a report submitted by States Reorganisation Commission (SRC). Years of discussions followed, as those in what would remain of Andhra Pradesh strongly opposed giving up to Telangana Hyderabad, the state’s most populous and economically important city. That action paved the way for the formation of linguistic states throughout India, beginning in 1956 and continuing into the 21st century. Prakasam Panthulu was the first CM of Andhra. There is evidence that the coastal kingdom of Andhra Pradesh was quite flourishing during the Satavahana Period. In the struggle against British rule, Andhra leaders played decisive roles. A special feature of the new state government was the creation of regional committees for Telangana and Rayalaseema. : Anyone who wants to know the authentic history of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana right from 5000 BC to AD 1990, he or she can read the eight volumes of “Comprehensive History … The Kshatriyas also had a … The movement for separate Telangana gathered speed in early 2000s with violent protests, bandhs and campaigns resulting in many deaths and loss to the exchequer. History of Andhra Pradesh. and it is located on the south-east coast of the country. The endluru village is 8 km south east of Ongole. But the winters in Andhra Pradesh are pleasant. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. They were patrons of diverse religions and also were great builders; their principal city, Amaravati, contained Buddhist monuments that inaugurated a new style of architecture. Political History of Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh state was formed on 1 st nov 1956 uniting both Andhra state and Telangana Region taking language as a base. Under this empire, Buddhism flourished. Most notable writer was Nannaya whose literary works made good impact on the society. Andhra Pradesh History Questions and Answers . After India gained independence in 1947, however, the region remained administratively and linguistically divided. Andhra Pradesh, India. …north-central and northeastern portions of. Start Preparation online now for ApPsc Exam. The Andhras continued to prosper over the next millennium, and in the 11th century the eastern Chalukya dynasty unified most of the Andhra area. Around the Mauryan age, there is historical evidence of Andhra as a political power in the southeastern Deccan. An agreement was finally reached that designated Hyderabad as capital of both states for 10 years, after which it would be the capital solely of Telangana. The government finally acceded to the people’s request by creating, on October 1, 1953, Andhra state, which included the Telugu-speaking districts of the former Madras state to the south. Andhra Pradesh History Andhra Pradesh is one of the state of the country, which takes pride in its rich historical and cultural heritage. About the 1st century ce the Satavahanas (or Satakarni), one of the most-renowned of the Andhra dynasties, came to power. Andhra Pradesh History can be traced back to the Prehistoric Period, with the development of Civilization in the Ancient History of Andhra Pradesh. February 13, 2020 Given how India’s electoral system and political conventions shadow the office, a major revamp is … Experts ascribe parts of the famous paintings in the Ajanta Caves of the Deccan (now in Maharashtra state) to the Andhra painters of that period. The northern region of Andhra Pradesh is a hill. In 1950 the southern and eastern Andhra portion was incorporated into Madras state, and the Telangana region became part of Hyderabad state. 1979-06-01 Vizianagaram district is formed in Andhra Pradesh, India. The history of Yadav's of Andhra Pradesh is incomplete without mentioning the most Famous & richest temple of the world-Tirupati Balaji. The state draws its name from the Andhra people, who have inhabited the area since antiquity and developed their own language, Telugu. We have Bifurcated the History of Andhra Pradesh into four sections for the systematic study for APPSC Exam by our students. Its members ruled over almost the entire Deccan plateau and even established trade relations with Rome. A group of people named Andhras was mentioned in Sanskrit texts such as Aitareya Brahmana (800–500 BCE). Telugu literature, for instance, flourished during that period. In February 2014 both chambers of the Indian parliament gave final approval for the creation of Telangana, which became India’s 29th state on June 2. There are many anecdotes in Ramayana, Mahabharata and other puranas that point to the people being the descendants of Sage Vishwamitra. The French under Marquis de Bussy-Castelnau and the English army led by General Robert Clive were busy planning strategies to take over the fertile and rich Andhra land. When did Andhra Pradesh formed as state of Indian union? Buddhism prospered under the Andhras, and in their capital flourished the great Buddhist university of antiquity, where Nagarjuna (c. 150–250 ce), the founder of the Mahayana school of Buddhism, taught. It was called Dakshina Path during those days. Answer : 2 June 2014.

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